What KJV-worshipers believe about the bible.
A warped alternate history, invented by Jack T. Chick.
I know; I already wrote an article about the history of the King James Version—and the people who worship it. But two years ago I wrote a different article, and was asked to repost it. I was a little reluctant to, ’cause it’s largely based on a Chick tract.
Some of you already know who he was: Jack T. Chick (1924–2016) was a conspiracy theorist who believed the devil was behind everything he doesn’t like. Seriously everything—and Chick didn’t like much. In order to prove it, he played really fast and loose with the truth. He’d misquote bible, mangle history, and apparently just make stuff up from scratch. ’Cause for some of his claims, I can’t find confirmation anywhere—well, other than books Chick himself published.
Primarily his company publishes evangelism tracts. Nearly all of them lack fruit of the Spirit: They’re loveless, impatient, unkind, joyless (his humor is the ironic, mocking sort), graceless (any little slip-up on our part sends us to hell), and fearful. I needn’t remind you they likewise make up any facts he needed to prove his points… and hopefully scare you into the waiting,
loving judgey arms of Jesus.
His tracts are controversial, because many Christians love love
Yep, someone’s supposedly burning the One True Bible. Attack 1
(Reference numbers refer to images on the website; the cover is 1, the next page is 2, etc.)
So I’m loath to use him as an example, ’cause the man doesn’t need any more publicity. Then again, he was mighty typical of what a
Chick’s tract, “The Attack,” is his alternative history of how we got the King James Version, and the devil’s conspiracy to deny it to us. You can read it, in its entirety, on his website. As with all his “historical” tracts, a fraction is true. The rest is out of context, hyper-compressed, reinterpreted, whitewashed, or pure fiction.
It uses two sources. One’s David W. Daniels, whose book Did the Catholic Church Give Us the Bible? is published by Chick Publications, and where “The Attack” got its secret history. The other’s Alberto Rivera (1937–97), a con artist who claimed he used to be a Roman Catholic bishop, whom the Jesuits sent to infiltrate and undermine Protestant churches. In the 1970s, Rivera “outed” himself, told all sorts of wacky tales about how the Catholics are secretly behind Islam, Communism, the Masons, the Ku Klux Klan, the Mafia, the Mormons… and pretty much every boogeyman Chick feared. Rivera was debunked years ago by Cornerstone, Christianity Today, and Walter Martin’s Christian Research Institute. But Chick Publications still produces Rivera’s books, and plenty of anti-Catholics still believe his every word.
“The Attack” begins with an attack: One of the men who translated the bible for King James was poisoned by secret agents—and later they’ll come back for his family. Nope, never happened in real life. It’s a bit of melodrama meant to make the reader anxious.
And if you read any other bible translation, they’ll come for you too! Attack 3
To Chick’s mind, a conspiracy was going on. A devilish one.
The next page flashes back to Eden. Ever since the beginning, the devil’s tempted us humans to not trust what God’s said; to doubt God even though he just said it, and proved himself reliable countless times. This part’s true—and it’s nothing new. It’s been going on since the beginning.
But according to Chick, Satan has since switched tactics. Instead of getting us to not trust God, the devil’s decided to trick us into trusting faulty bibles.
If there’s apocrypha in your bible, Chick insists you’ve got a corrupted bible. Attack 5
Both St. Jerome (who translated the bible into Latin) and Martin Luther (who translated it into German) believed apocrypha shouldn’t be included in the Old Testament. Luther put them in a separate section, after the New Testament. “Apocrypha” was Luther’s title for them: “Books which are not regarded as equal to the holy scriptures, and yet are profitable and good to read.”
Chick, however, believed them evil. Unspeakably, devilishly evil. You’ll be led astray if you read them. And he made a few other unhistorical claims:
True Christians always rejected the Apocrypha. Attack 4 False.
Jerome and Luther didn’t consider apocrypha to have the same rank as the other scriptures, but they didn’t ban them, nor believe they were bad, evil books. They may not be 100 percent historically accurate—but neither’s The Pilgrim’s Progress, and who’s got a problem with that book? Why have a problem with apocrypha? You wanna read ’em? Bible Gateway has ’em. Go right ahead.
Every bible before the
KJVhad apocrypha in them, and every Christian from then to 1611 accepted this. The KJVwas translated by the Church of England, one of the churches which regularly includes apocrypha in their bibles, and teaches from it. Yep, there’s a for-real KJVtranslation of apocrypha. They weren’t officially removed from the KJVtill 1885. So if you were a member of the Church of England (or as we call it in the United States, the Episcopal Church), your KJVincluded apocrypha.
If Chick knew these facts, he may not have even believed them. He spent a bit of “The Attack” claiming the
KJV’s translators didn’t really wanna include apocrypha, or the Puritans didn’t really approve of them, or how the KJVis the lone exception to all the apocrypha-defiled bibles in Christendom.
Most rabbis rejected the Apocrypha. Attack 6 Half true.
The rabbis were the ones who translated the Septuagint in the third century
BC. They’re actually the ones who added these books to the Old Testament. Thus apocrypha were in that bible for two centuries before Christianity came around. It’s why so many Christians still include them in their bibles: They were always in their bibles.
Early Christians quoted apocrypha the same as the rest of the
OT. The church fathers quoted it a lot. (Hey, there’s good stuff in there.)
And that may be some of the reason the rabbis finally took apocrypha out of their bibles. Round the year 100 (meaning apocrypha had been in the Septuagint for three centuries already), they voted to remove them. Historians suspect this was as a response to us Christians. Some of us, like Justin Martyr, were successfully using apocrypha against Jews as part of Christian apologetics.
Jesus and his apostles rejected and never quoted the Apocrypha. Attack 6 False.
KJV’s translators included cross-references to other passages of scripture. They cross-referenced 10 passages in the New Testament to apocryphal books, noting obvious parallels between the ideas.
All the New Testament’s authors clearly knew of the apocrypha. These stories were part of their national culture. It’s like how every American knows who Tom Sawyer is, whether they’ve read the novel or not. Further, Jesus celebrated Hanukkah,
Jn 10.22the story of which comes from 1 Maccabees.
To be fair: Quoting something, or not quoting it, is no proof of its validity. Paul quoted Greek philosophers more than once, and the New Testament never once quotes Judges nor Nehemiah.
The Textus Receptus.
If your bible’s based on original manuscripts from Egypt, Chick insists you’ve got a corrupted bible. Attack 7
It seems Chick knew jack squat about ancient manuscripts and textual criticism. So I gotta explain his claims about “mutilated” Old and New Testament manuscripts.
First, the Old and New Testament have entirely different histories when it comes to how they were passed down to the present day. The Old Testaments we have in our bibles—in both the
Yeah, Chick was oversimplifying. But I’ve read enough of his tracts to know this “oversimplification” was really the fact he didn’t care about accuracy. He skipped facts all the time; namely whenever they got in the way.
Okay, in a nutshell, the history of ancient books.
The ancients didn’t have photocopiers. They made copies by hand: One person read the original aloud, and a group of scribes transcribed it. And sometimes mistakes happened. Readers might repeat themselves. Or mispronounce. Or jumble things. Scribes might misspell. Or drop a word. It happens. Even when you’re being extra-careful with an extra-important book like the bible.
The Masoretes—the Jews who copied the Old Testament—didn’t do this. They copied very carefully. They even invented checksums to make sure each line was precise.
But in the early days of copying the New Testament, mistakes happened. Thankfully, not many. About 85 percent of the
Yeah, sometimes whole extra verses.
Thing is, if you’re a bible-worshiper, any difference is an error, and any error is unacceptable. Chick believed the
How Erasmus put the Textus together was to begin with a Greek
What if there was a verse in a Latin
You’d think this fact would’ve outraged Chick more than anything. But I’m betting he either never knew it, or couldn’t believe it.
Present-day scholars obviously edit together the Greek
Erasmus didn’t do that. He used contemporary copies: 16th-century Greek
So when your average
Chick insists all bibles but the KJV somehow downplay Christ’s deity. Has he read any of them? Attack 8
On to Chick’s loopy claims:
Alexandrian bibles downplay Christian doctrine. Attack 8 False.
I teach all the doctrines Chick frets about: Christ’s deity, his virgin birth, salvation by grace through faith. Sometimes I use the
KJV; sometimes other bibles. Because all these doctrines are in the other bibles.
How could Chick realistically claim they weren’t? Well, here’s his reasoning, and it’s profoundly stupid. Remember how Erasmus added words to the Textus?—one
NThad “Jesus,” another “Christ,” so Erasmus made the Textus read “Christ Jesus”? He did this a lot. Now, because these added titles are missing from the oldest Greek NTs, and today’s translations are based on those old Greek NTs, a lot of bibles now say “Jesus” instead of “Christ Jesus.” On that basis, KJV-worshipers claim it’s a subtle conspiracy to erode faith in Jesus’s divinity and lordship, thanks to devilish translators who don’t really believe in Jesus.
Yeah, it’s nuts. But remember, Chick was a conspiracy theorist.
“Emperor Constantine (the first pope)…” Attack 8 False.
Everybody knows the first pope was Simon Peter except, obviously, Chick.
“…ordered 50 Bibles…” Attack 8 Okay, true.
And Constantine kept those copies, “created from the satanic Alexandrian manuscripts,” in his new capital, Constantinople. Now… where’d the Textus Receptus get its primary manuscript from again? Oh yeah: Constantinople. Hmm…
Jerome used them to create the Vulgate. Attack 8 Half-true.
Jerome didn’t translate the entire bible into Latin. His job was only to correct all the bad Latin translations already in existence. He did translate the gospels into Latin using the oldest copies of the
NThe could find—which were likely from Alexandria. As for the OT, he began to use the Septuagint, but quickly realized he oughta translate it from the original Hebrew. So he went to Israel, learned Hebrew, and translated a great deal of it. And because his bosses insisted, he also translated apocrypha—from Aramaic copies of Tobit and Judith, and from Greek copies of the other books.
Catholics, the Inquisitions, and the bible.
Now let’s jump ahead 800 years, then another 300 years, ’cause Satan can’t keep its crap together. Attack 9
In the early Middle Ages, the Catholics of various countries created Inquisitions, whose job was to investigate heresy: If someone was accused of teaching something contrary to the church, the Inquisition investigated, declared them okay, or declared them heretic. You know, like today’s cult-watchers.
But with one significant difference: There was no such thing as freedom of religion back then. Heresy was against the law. You’d get the death penalty for it. Inquisitions were given legal authority to arrest you, try you, and even torture a confession out of you. But not kill you (unless they accidentally over-tortured you): If you were guilty, they handed you over to the civic authority, and they killed you. You know, like the Judean Senate handed Jesus over to Pilate.
Lemme be clear: The Inquisition was one of the least Christian things we’ve ever done. I won’t defend it. Yeah, some heretics are dangerous, like those cults which murder people and abuse their members. But the Inquisition killed a lot of benign heretics, plus a lot of Muslims and Jews. Plus sometimes they killed orthodox Christians (like Joan of Arc) for political reasons. So let’s get the facts straight about what the Inquisition really was.
And a few more facts:
The Bible was put on a list of forbidden books. Attack 9 True; misleading.
This wasn’t just any bible. It was a Cathar bible.
A group of Gnostic heretics called the Cathars, or Albigenses, arose in the 1100s. They claimed there were actually two gods: God, who created spirit, and Rex Mundi/“king of the world,” who created matter. Matter, flesh, and marriage were bad. Starving yourself to death was good, ’cause you’d go straight to heaven. And no resurrection.
The Cathars backed up their claims by quoting their heretic translation of the bible. So in 1229, the Council of Toulouse banned them and their bible.
Yeah, it means something way different in historical context, doesn’t it? You thought they were banning a proper bible. That’s just the sort of misdirection Chick regularly did.
The Vatican declared the Apocrypha “Holy Writ.” Attack 9 True.
Again, bear in mind why. The Council of Trent met in the 1540s to deal with the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther had claimed apocrypha aren’t bible, and published his own translation. To the council, apocrypha was totally bible; it’d been bible since Jesus’s day; who was Luther to say it wasn’t? I mean, how would you feel if someone went round saying Esther isn’t bible?
True, the council went a little overboard.
“Anyone rejecting this was… burned at the stake.” Attack 9 Half-true.
Remember, not every heretic was executed, or executed that way.
“This dangerous law is still in effect…” Attack 9 False.
The Inquisition can’t arrest people any more. Catholic countries no longer execute heretics, nor even consider heresy a crime. For that matter, Catholics no longer recognize most Protestants as heretics. Chick’s fears of it all starting up again are unlikely. Not impossible; nothing is. But still.
The pope claimed he’s Christ’s only representative. Attack 9 False.
Popes consider themselves Christ’s top guy, not his only guy. Of course in God’s kingdom, the top guy serves everyone else—and some popes have remembered this, and some haven’t. The very same is true of Protestants. We all make mistakes.
“The name given to the preserved word of God was ‘Textus Receptus’” Attack 9 False.
The Textus is the name of Erasmus’s edition of the
NT, not a generic term for the one true bible. But Chick would sure like to believe so.
Satan sicced the Inquisition on anyone who had a copy of the Textus. Attack 10 How?
True, the Inquisitions would go after heretics, and considered Protestants to be heretic. But a lot of Protestants lived in, or fled to, Protestant countries. Places beyond the Inquisitions’ reach. Belgium, where Erasmus lived, was resolutely Protestant. The idea of Catholic Inquisitions desperately tearing through Switzerland, the Netherlands, or Belgium, lest copies of the Textus escape them: Dumb.
Rome says there’s no salvation outside the Catholic church; the Textus says it’s only through Jesus. Attack 10 False.
When Roman Catholics refer to the “catholic church,” they typically mean the one, universal, worldwide church of Christ Jesus. The body of Christ. The one he recognizes. Which actually includes people who aren’t members of the Roman Catholic Church. It’s a body which you aren’t a part of without faith in Jesus.
Now, this isn’t any different than Protestants teach. Nor the Textus. True, during the Reformation, Catholics believed Protestants were heretics, and not part of the body of Christ. Times have changed. Chick just didn’t believe they had. To him, Catholics were still devilish.
Satan’s minions claimed 68 million victims from 1200
ADonward. Attack 10 How?
I've no idea how the 68 million victims were calculated. I Googled it, but found nothing. More than likely Chick, or Rivera, made it up. The Spanish Inquisition, the worst of the Inquisitions, investigated hundreds of thousands of people from the 1200s to the 1700s, and of that number about 6,000 people were handed over to the Spanish crown for execution. That’s only 0.01 percent of Chick’s total. Maybe he was including wars, although wars weren't really fought for religious reasons. Maybe he also threw in a plague or two. Most likely he lied.
Now “The Attack” is really just Jack Chick attacking Catholicism. Attack 11
The Lord Jesus hates Catholicism, “the mother of harlots and abominations.” Attack 11 False.
Jesus doesn’t hate Catholicism, but Chick sure did.
True, the system is morally neutral. Like any tradition, it can either help people grow as Christians, or hinder people by making us jump through hoops instead of actually following Jesus. It can be politicized and corrupted. It can be living religion, or dead. Jesus is perfectly happy with the living kind. Not so much with works without faith.
But loads of anti-Catholics claim John’s vision of the Babylon whore
Rv 17.3-6is Catholicism. This, despite what the angel explaining Revelation told John: It’s the city which ruled the world’s kings. Jn 17.18In John’s day, that was pre-Christian Rome, not today’s Rome. The popes never really ruled the world’s kings like the emperors did. Historically it’s usually been the kings pushing the popes around. But I digress.
Luther sparked the Reformation in rebellion against the Vatican. Attack 11 False.
The Protestant Reformation wasn’t about fighting Catholics. It was about reforming the church from within. Hence “Reformation.” Didn’t succeed at working from within, ’cause the Catholic leadership kicked Luther out. So it had to reform the church as a separate denomination… and eventually a thousand denominations.
The Protestants didn’t complain about Vatican brutalities. Just the heresy of teaching people salvation comes through works. Historically, Protestants have been plenty brutal. (Hence the thousand denominations.)
The Vatican has since stated unequivocally: Salvation is through grace. The current debate between Protestants and Catholics is about how we get that grace: Catholics say we get grace through the sacraments, and Protestants insist this sounds far too much like salvation by works. But I won’t get into that debate right now.
Luther translated the Textus into German. Attack 11 True.
Oh, and he also translated apocrypha into German.
Tyndale translated the Textus into English, and Rome burnt him. Attack 11 Half-true.
The half that’s true: William Tyndale did in fact translate the bible into English. And he was arrested for heresy in 1535.
The half that’s not: He was arrested by the Holy Roman Empire. I don’t care if “Roman” is part of its name: It was so not Rome. Anyway, they strangled him to death on a stake, then cremated his corpse. You might notice the little image in the tract, with the executioner’s hands around Tyndale’s neck? That’s strangling.
The devout English Reformation… and invisible Scottish Reformation.
Chick painted the English Reformation as a noble resistance against Roman Catholicism, as standing up for Christ Jesus, truth, God’s word, and so forth. Everyone who knows history, knows better.
In 1502, 15 years before Martin Luther nailed up his 95 Theses, the Prince of Wales died, leaving behind a widow, Catherine of Aragon. She was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, the future aunt of Holy Roman Emperor Charles 5. She was a big deal. King Henry 7 wanted to keep her in the family, so he asked Pope Julius 2 for special permission for his younger son Henry to marry Catherine, his widowed sister-in-law. Which was granted. And eventually Henry became Henry 8.
Jump ahead 26 years: Henry wanted to marry his mistress, and annul his marriage on the grounds he shouldn’t’ve married his sister-in-law. Pope Clement 7 of course wouldn’t undo his predecessor’s special permission; plus Emperor Charles pitched a fit. So Henry got his local bishops to declare him the head of England’s church. Not the pope. And as head of the church, he hired a lackey bishop who’d grant his annulment. Problem solved.
As you can see, this had nothing to do with reforming Christianity. It was because Henry’s mistress wouldn’t let him touch her without a ring on her finger. Henry was no Protestant. Heck, in 1521 he wrote Assertio Septem Sacramentorum (I Say There Are Seven Sacraments!), to slam Luther, and Clement had called him Fidei Defensor/“Defender of the Faith” for it. Even after he quit the Roman church, Henry kept the title, and passed it to his heirs.
But Henry wasn’t Roman Catholic anymore; he decided to be his own kind of Catholic. You know, like Catholics in the United States who have their own ideas about what’ll get ’em into heaven. (And their own ideas about abortion.)
That’s been the tack the Church of England has taken ever since: They’re not really Protestant, but they’re not Roman Catholic either. They’re their own kind of Catholic.
Now back to Chick’s wacky alternate timeline.
In which Henry 8 is way skinnier than the usual paintings. Attack 12
The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) was founded in 1540. A decade after England split from the Catholics. Yet “The Attack” makes it look like the Jesuits came first, and Henry rejected them, the Pope, and their authority, for good doctrinal reasons. Not because he wanted to shtup Anne Boleyn.
Yes, the Jesuits were founded in part to counter Protestants, and to defend Catholic interpretations of the bible. But they do believe the bible is inspired by the Holy Spirit. Where they disagree with Protestants (and Chick) is they disagree Protestant tradition, theology, philosophy, and interpretation is more valid than Catholic tradition, theology, philosophy, and interpretation.
Protestants like to claim the Catholics put their tradition above the scriptures. We fail to recognize we do the very same thing. We all do. We all have our favorite lenses we use to look at the bible.
Chick then put together a very selective timeline to make it look like the Jesuits fought a war with England over Protestantism and truth. Attack 13
- The English church established.
- Jesuits established.
- The Council of Trent, “formed to crush Protestantism.”
- Mary takes the English throne and reinstates Catholicism.
- Elizabeth takes the throne and reinstates the English church.
- The Scottish Reformation. Chick claims the Scots “join Protestant England.”
- The Spanish Armada, sent to “destroy Protestant England.” Really, to stop English piracy, and English interference with the Spanish Netherlands.
- King James authorizes the
- The Gunpowder Plot: Catholic conspirators try and fail to blow up James and Parliament.
Chick actually mentioned, briefly, the only outbreak of real Protestantism in the British Isles: The Scottish Reformation.
This was years before the United Kingdom: Scotland was still a separate kingdom. At the same time as the English Reformation, it underwent a civil war between Protestants and Catholics, with the Protestants taking Parliament, establishing the Church of Scotland, and making it Calvinist. Nowadays we call it Presbyterian.
This isn’t an insignificant item to skip. Y’see James Stewart, the man who authorized the
I discussed the Geneva Bible in detail elsewhere. It was way more Protestant than the
But seven years after it was published, James became king of Scotland—and he hated the Geneva Bible. See, the Geneva Bible occasionally used the word “tyrant” to refer to kings, and its notes stated throughout how it was okay to resist tyrants. James, who was a fan of absolute monarchy, hated the idea. (You might notice the word “tyrant” isn’t in the
England’s Queen Elizabeth, another absolute-monarchy fan, didn’t care for the Geneva Bible either. Her bishops rushed together the Bishops’ Bible in 1568. They revised it in 1572, 1577, and 1602. Once James 6 became James 1 of England in 1603, he ordered yet another revision. Not an original translation—despite anything the
James also made it clear when he authorized the re-translation: No notes. He also made it a felony to own a Geneva Bible.
Yeah, these aren’t the most noble reasons to authorize a bible. Understandably, Chick skipped ’em. In his narrative, it sounds like there were no English-language bibles before the
None of this happened. Attack 14-15
The above story is entirely fabricated. It’s a little hard to correct errors when the whole thing is made up from start to finish.
God had guards posted. Attack 15 False.
And not just ’cause Chick probably meant to say “God had the king post guards.” I mean, God posted guards? You mean angels?
But there were no guards posted anywhere in the translators’ rooms. The translators were professors at various English universities. They did the bulk of their work from home. Then they gathered together to compare their edits. Six individual committees submitted their drafts to a final committee for a final review.
If anyone wanted to slip in some “Alexandrian manuscript,” they totally could have. And considering how 85 percent of
NTmanuscripts match, it wouldn’t have made any difference. Besides, what security guard is gonna know enough Greek to know which manuscript is which?
Placing the Apocrypha in the OT failed. Attack 15 False.
The translators never tried to put apocrypha in the Old Testament. They repeated the same practice as previous Protestant and English translations: Apocrypha went in between the testaments.
The head of the
KJV’s production was Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury. He was also a member of the committee which specifically worked on apocrypha.
Apocrypha weren’t removed from Protestant bibles till the Geneva Bible dropped it in 1630. The Puritans banned reading apocrypha in church in 1644. The very first edition of the
KJVwithout apocrypha was published in 1666. Even then, it wasn’t entirely dropped from all editions of the KJVtill the 1880s.
One thing Chick did get right: Puritans objected. But that’s because they felt the entire
The battle for the King James Version.
Because of the popularity of the Geneva Bible, it took a long time for the
But in Chick’s alternate history, the Jesuits immediately began to oppose the
None of this happened either. Attack 16
Still totally fabricated. The “Protestant translators” (who, because they were Church of England, which was “its own kind of Catholic,” personally would’ve insisted they weren’t Protestant) weren’t systematically eliminated. They weren’t compensated for their work either, but that’s a whole other issue.
Nor were the Catholics all whipped into a frenzy by what was going on in England’s church. England wasn’t even close to the superpower it became in the 1700s. It was always on the verge of civil war between Anglicans and Puritans. The “English-speaking world” was Britain and a few thinly-populated North American colonies. Whatever these “heretics” were doing, the Catholics had little fear it’d “set us back for centuries.” Besides, plenty of other Protestants were also producing native-language bibles: The French got a French bible in 1530. The Czechs in 1549. The Poles in 1563. The Slovenes in 1584. The Jesuits themselves were translating the bible into American Indian languages as part of their missionary work.
There was a movement to get apocrypha out of English-language bibles in the late 1600s. Chick called it “God’s victory over the Jesuit conspiracy,” Attack 17 but more accurately it was a victory for the Dissenters—Puritans who’d quit the Church of England ’cause it wasn’t Protestant enough. The Dissenters were isolationists, who homeschooled their kids lest they be corrupted by Church of England ideas, who believed apocrypha had to be evil if they weren’t really bible. Dissenters sound exactly like Chick’s kind of Christian. I’m surprised he didn’t hold them up as great heroes.
Then, Chick wrote, “Satan moved.” Attack 17 Took Satan about 200 years to move, but whatever.
Oh no! A new bible translation! Attack 16
In 1881, Church of England bishops Brooke Westcott and Fenton Hort published their edition of the Greek New Testament. This was a critical text, like the Textus Receptus, but they did it correctly: They based it on the oldest copies of the Greek
But St. Catherine’s is in Egypt—so according to Chick, that makes it Alexandrian. (’Cause Alexandria is also in Egypt.) Worse, Westcott and Hort compared the Sinaiticus with another Alexandrian text, the Codex Vaticanus, which also dates between 325 and 350. And here’s where Chick’s conspiracy-minded brain went into overdrive: The Vaticanus! That means Westcott and Hort were influenced by the Vatican! Eek! Run away!
Every critical-text bible since Westcott and Hort follows the same sound principle they went with: Find the earliest copies of scripture. Compare them with other early texts, and the writings of early Christians. Makes sense, right? But Chick and
Ever since the Westcott-Hort
- The first edition of the New International Version, which let translators use whichever text they wished. This created a huge mess for people who wanted to compare the
NIVto a Greek NT. (For a while there, the NIVpublishers actually produced their own NIVedition of the Greek NT.) But when the NIVwas updated in 2011, they based its NTon the Nestle-Aland.
- The Lamsa Bible, George Lamsa’s translation of the Peshitta, an Aramaic
- The New King James Version, which uses the Textus Receptus like the
- The Modern English Version, which used the Textus for the
NT, and a medieval copy of the Masoretic text for the OT. Basically they eschewed any modern critical texts; the only thing modern about it is its English and its title.
Regardless of the
Something else Chick got wrong: Nobody claims the
But to listen to Chick, you should never ever do that. The
Now, Chick claimed, we don’t know what God’s word says anymore. Attack 19
Look, I have a copy of the Textus Receptus. I use it all the time to compare textual variants in the bible. The only difference between the Textus and other Greek
True, young men come to seminary convinced the
Some of us never do, and become heretics. Others of us turn off our brains, and go back to worshiping the bible instead of Jesus: It’s a lot more comfortable. Feels safer. Feels surer. Plus you get to call every other Christian a heretic, just like Jack T. Chick did.
Abusing the text.
Chick brought up a few of the “missing verses” in this tract. Namely Acts 8.37, Matthew 18.11, or Mark 15.28, and how you won’t find them in most 20th and 21st century translations.
In “Look What’s Missing” we list over 250 verses in 40 popular Bibles, to show you they are really corrupt Alexandrian and Roman Catholic Bibles in disguise.
Don’t be fooled!
“Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed…” Proverbs 13:13 Attack 22
But since he brought up the issue of despising the word, let’s take a look at the word Chick quoted, shall we? To quote the full verse:
Proverbs 13.13 KJV
- Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.
This’d be Hebrew poetry. “The word” means the same thing as “the commandment,” namely God’s laws in the scripture. “The word” does not refer to the bible as a whole. Nor the
Further, when we read Deuteronomy, we see the rewards for following God’s commands, and the destruction for violating them, have to do with this life. Not the afterlife. You’re not going to hell for breaking God’s laws. Sin’s paycheck is death, not hellfire.
As I’ve demonstrated, Chick isn’t to be trusted. Not when he discussed history; certainly not when he quoted bible. Nearly every single time he quoted the scriptures, he took ’em out of context. nearly every single time. This is a problem I consistently see in bible-worshipers: They claim to love the bible. But they interpret it cavalierly, always with the goal to defend themselves and their prejudices. Not God.
It’s never about loving the bible. If they loved it, they’d seek its true meaning, instead of trying to invent meanings. It’s about loving what they can do with the bible—namely, manipulate people into doing their will. Whether that happens to be God’s will too, is often just coincidence.
People worship the King James Version for the same reason. It’s got a really useful advantage for them which aren’t found in other bibles: It’s unfamiliar English. It uses unfamiliar grammar and an unfamiliar vocabulary. It’s hard for the general public to understand without a dictionary. And this feature aids and abets bible-worshipers in twisting the text to suit them. It’s a bible they can control, far more easily than an easy-to-understand, present-day translation.
This isn’t the
So don’t you be fooled. Go ahead and use the
[Note: This article was updated to reflect Chick’s death on 23 October.]