“Everything happens for a reason” doesn’t describe our God at all.
Ecclesiastes 9.11 KWL
- I came back. I saw this under the sun:
- The fastest don’t win the race. The veterans don’t win the battle.
- Even the wise don’t earn bread. Even the intelligent don’t get rich.
- Even the experts fall out of favor. Dumb luck happens to them all.
Et va-fegá/“time and accident” tends to be translated “time and chance,” like the
Dumb luck grates on those Christians who insist nothing happens outside God’s evil plan. He’s got it all mapped out; he’s got everything under his thumb; even evil and chaos and destruction and sin are part of the arrangement. Dumb luck, they insist, can’t exist in the realm of our sovereign God. There’s no such thing as luck. Everything happens for a reason.
They hate when I point ’em to Ecclesiastes. ’Cause it’s part of our Holy Spirit-inspired bible, yet its author relentlessly insists plenty of things happen for no reason. At all. It’s the entire premise of his book.
Ecclesiastes 1.1-3 KWL
- 1 The words of “Qohelét” ben David, king of Jerusalem:
- 2 “Vapor of vapors,” says Qohlelét. “Vapor of vapors. It’s all vapor.
- 3 What profit is all the trouble of humanity, laboring under the sun?”
I’ve actually had people try to explain Ecclesiastes away, as if the book’s “pessimism” no longer applies or matters in the Christian era. Supposedly the author (a descendant of David who called himself Qohelét/“preacher”; most folks assume it’s Solomon) wrote it when he was depressed, and because he lacked revelation of God’s grand will of purpose, he didn’t know God has a plan for everything. So he wrote it out of his faithlessness; and it’s in our bible as a warning to people who likewise lack faith. You know, like Job’s friends. Don’t be like these guys.
That’s just how dead set certain Christians are in insisting upon their worldview: Let’s overturn entire books of the bible by claiming they’re ironic.
But the reason the Spirit inspired this book, and the reason we kept it in the bible, is ’cause it makes it clear: God isn’t behind every fumble, every failure, every accident, every coincidence. He’s behind a whole lot of things, but not all. Some things aren’t him. Some things are havél havalím/“vapor of vapors,” not just the breath you can see on cold days which quickly disappears, but the breath of that breath. Here one instant, gone the next. Can’t hold it, can’t catch it, can’t chase it. It’s empty, unimportant, meaningless. “Vanity,” the
Does anything happen for a reason? According to Qohelét, anything God does happens for a reason. But everything else? Vapor.
The false dilemma of sovereignty over everything… or nothing.
Here’s the problem: People are terrified of the idea things might be meaningless.
They hate the idea of random chance, dumb luck, accidents, flukes, or coincidences in the universe. They prefer to think—and are pretty sure they can find proof-texts which demonstrate—there are no such things. No chance, no luck, no fortune: Everything happens because God decides it does. Everything’s up to Providence.
Even disasters, death, mayhem, catastrophes? Yep, that stuff too: When a tsunami drowns a community, or an earthquake flattens a city, or a virus decimates a nation, these Christians are insistent God’s at the back of it all. Not nature, collapsing back into the chaos it was originally made out of, acting independently of God, sometimes obligating God to order it to stop.
To their minds, if God permits any randomness into his universe, it means he’s not sovereign. Permitting other things to defy his will? Absolutely not. They can’t abide this. They don’t abide it in their employees, children, pets, machines—they can’t fathom an almighty God who’d permit it in his universe. If they were God, they’d control all. That’s the sort of God they want, so it’s the God they’ve mentally constructed.
They much prefer a God in absolute control… and yes, even if this God occasionally kills entire villages of innocent people. Much rather have a wrathful God than a weak one.
They don’t allow for any reasonable third option… like God endowing his creatures with free will, then turning us loose to function on our own, with input and guidance from him. Like maybe a set of commands. Maybe some prophets to point us the right way. Maybe a special intervention from time to time, to set us straight, or to put our evil deeds to a stop. To them, a supervisory God, instead of a puppet-master God, is the very same thing as God quitting his job and handing us the reins: Chaos. Disaster. The very world they don’t want, and don’t even want to imagine.
Yet in the scriptures, we see God behind many things. Way more things than we realize. A lot of the events we might consider coincidence, actually aren’t; God was working ’em out. Sometimes God is behind the wind.
And sometimes he’s not.
God permits accidents, coincidences, random events, chance, and luck. And reserves the right to interfere with them. He has free will too, y’know. Some “coincidences” are the result of Providence: “God-incidences,” as some Christians call ’em. (And no, stop calling them that. It’s stupid.) But the rest of them: Dumb luck. Not God.
Trying to find meaning where there is none.
The human brain is designed to figure things out. It recognizes patterns, makes connections, and comes to conclusions based on these connections. We “put two and two together,” as the saying goes, and hopefully come up with four.
In most people the brain does a fine job. In many, it works overtime: It recognizes patterns where there aren’t any, and makes connections where none exist. A few years ago Google, experimenting with pattern recognition software, showed off “Deep Dream,” a representation of the patterns the software “sees” in photos.
New York, filtered through Google’s Deep Dream. [From The Telegraph.]
We think it’s amusing (or creepy), but our brains do the very same thing all the time. It’s why clouds and rock formations remind us of other things. It’s why conspiracy theorists connect the dots. It’s why people believe in junk science and folk wisdom. We trust our thinking far more often than we ought.
So when Christians insist every coincidence has God behind it, these same Christians will foolishly try to interpret these coincidences. They’ll figure they “saw God winking at me,” as certain Christians put it, and try to deduce what the “wink” means. How’d God speak through the coincidence? What revelation did he give?
You see the fairly obvious problem: Christians will turn coincidences into augury. We’ll try to deduce God’s will from his “signs”—though these events aren’t proven to be signs.
Say I’m searching for a job. And the very minute I tell God, “I need a job; can you help?” I stumble across a help-wanted ad. Wow, what a coincidence!—must be God behind it. Right? Even those who do believe in coincidences will jump to the conclusion God is somehow involved.
Now, say the job is working in a bar. And say I’m a raging alcoholic. But I’m convinced all coincidences are God, so I’m gonna come up with some half-baked explanation for why God maybe wants me there: “True, I’m this close to falling off the wagon every day. But maybe God thinks I’m tough enough to beat this thing!”
Say I’m trying to figure out whether to marry a particular woman. And I find out, coincidentally, she wants to have five kids, and has already picked out their names, and she’s picked the same names I have! (Which at least means we’re suited to live in the same looney bin, anyway.) Again, if I’m convinced all coincidences are God, I might plunge forward into marriage—even though she’s divorced her last four husbands after only six months of marriage, and they all have restraining orders against her, ’cause she’s a bit stabby. But maybe I’ll be the exception!
Say I’m trying to figure out whether to assassinate an annoying politician. And I find out, of all places, he’s gonna be at my workplace during a campaign stop!
And I’ll stop there. People can’t see the problems of this half-baked reasoning till I throw ridiculous examples like these at ’em. But it’s true in general: Coincidence is a lousy way to deduce God’s will. As conspiracy theorists regularly demonstrate, you can find coincidences anywhere. Just look hard enough. When you really want something to be true, you can find plenty of fake revelations to justify your nutty belief.
God doesn’t want us to deduce his will, but hear it. He’s given us bible. He’s given us prophets. He’ll even talk to us personally. We don’t need coincidences.
A corrective for foolish platitudes.
Assuming Christians bother to read the Old Testament, Ecclesiastes tends to polarize ’em. It contradicts all their favorite platitudes.
- “Don’t be sad”? But there’s a time to be sad.
- “Why can’t things be the way they used to be?” Qohelét says that’s a stupid question.
- “Cheaters never prosper.” Sure they do.
Ec 4.1, 7.15
And so on. For all the optimistic advice in Proverbs, you can find a lot of it countered in Ecclesiastes. (And interestingly enough, if Qohelét is Solomon, both books were largely written by the very same guy.)
Pessimists love Ecclesiastes because it’s so unrepentantly down. “Everything is vapor? Then what good is anything we do? Don’t waste your time.” Trouble is, pessimists will use it (and anything else they can get) to naysay and criticize everything, including good deeds. And Ecclesiastes isn’t entirely pessimistic. Qohelét finds value in enjoying life,
And the rest of the scriptures teach us nothing lasts: One day, centuries after Jesus returns, God will destroy the world and replace it with New Earth. All the things we value will be burnt to ash. All our works will be tested by fire; few will survive. The problem is we don’t always believe that. We think everything has value. Everything has meaning. Even minor, dumb stuff.
Ecclesiastes is the corrective for that thinking: Nothing has meaning. All of it is minor, dumb stuff. “Don’t sweat the small stuff—and it’s all small stuff” is entirely biblical. “Everything happens for a reason” is absolutely not. Yet Christians skip the first saying and over-teach the second.
So let’s correct that thinking. Memorize “It’s all vapor.”